Archive for the 'L' Category



LEXICO’GRAPHER. n.s. [λεξιχου and γραφω; lexicographe,
French.] A writer of dictionaries; a harmless drudge, that
busies himself in tracing the original, and detailing the signi-
fication of words.
Commentators and lexicographers acquainted with the Sy-
riac language, have given these hints in their writings on
scripture. Watt’s Improvement of the Mind.



LE’VELLER. n.s. [from level.]
I. One who makes any thing even
2. One who destroys superiority; one who endeavours to bring
all to the same state of equality.
You are an everlasting leveller; you won’t allow encourage-
ment to extraordinary merit.  Collier on Pride.



LE’TTERED. adj. [from letter.] Literate; educated to learn-
A martial man, not sweetened by a lettered education, is
apt to have a tincture of sourness.  Collier on Pride.



LEMONA’DE. n.s. [from lemon.] Liquor made of water, su-
gar, and the juice of lemons.
Thou, and thy wife, and children, should walk in my
gardens, buy toys, and drink lemonade. Arbuth. J. Bull.

LEEK. n.s.

LEEK. n.s.

LEEK. n.s. [leac, Saxon; loock, Dutch; leechk, Erse.]
Its flower consists of six pedals, and is shaped, as it were,
like a bell; in the center arises the pointal, which after-
ward becomes a roundish fruit, divided into three cells, which
contain roundish seeds: to these notes may be added, the sta-
mina are generally broad and flat, ending in three capilla-
ments, of which the middle one is furnished with a chive;
the flowers are also gathered into almost globular bunches:
the roots are long, cylindrical, and coated, the coats ending
in plain leaves.  Miller.
Know’st thou Fluellen? – Yes.
–Tell him I’ll knock his leek about his pate,
Upon St. David’s day.  Shakespeare’s Henry V.
Leek to the Welsh, to Dutchmen butter’s dear.  Gay.
We use acrid plants inwardly and outwardly in gangreens;
in the scurvy, water-cresses, horse-radish, garlick or leek
pottage. Floyer on Humours.

LE’CTION. n.s.

LE'CTION .n.s.

LE’CTION. n.s. [lectio, Lat.] A reading; a variety in copies.
Every critick has his own hypothesis: if the common text
be not favourable to his opinion, a various lection shall be
made authentick. Watt’s Logick.



LEADING-STRINGS. n.s. [lead and string.] Strings by which
children, when they learn to walk, are held from falling.
Sound may serve such, ere they to sense are grown,
Like leading-strings, ‘till they can walk alone. Dryden.
Was he ever able to walk without leading-strings, or swim
without bladders, without being discovered by his hobbling
and his sinking? Swift.

LA’ZAR. n.s.

LA'ZAR. n.s.

LA’ZAR. n.s. [from Lazarus in the gospel.] One deformed
and nauseous with filthy and pestilential diseases.
They ever after in most wretched case,
Like loathsome lazars, by the hedges lay. Fairy Queen.
I’ll be sworn and sworn upon’t, she never shrowded any
but lazars. Shakespeare’s Troil. and Cressida.
I am weary with drawing the deformities of life, and la-
zars of the people, where every figure of imperfection more
resembles me. Dryden’s Aurengzebe.
Life he labours to refine
Daily, nor of his little stock denies
Fit alms, to lazars, merciful, and meek. Philips.

40. To LAY forth.

40. To LAY forth.

40. To LAY forth. To diffuse; to expatiate.
O bird! the delight of gods and of men! and so he lays
himself forth upon the gracefulness of the raven.  L’Estrange.


LA'VISHLY. adv.1

LA’VISHLY. adv. [from lavish.] Profusely; prodigally.
My father’s purposes have been mistook;
And some about him have too lavishly
Wrested his meaning and authority. Shakesp. Henry IV.
Then laughs the childish year with flowrets crown’d,
And lavishly perfumes the fields around. Dryden.
Praise to a wit is like rain to a tender flower; if it be mo-
derately bestowed, it chears and revives; but if too lavishly,
overcharges and depresses him. Pope.