Archive for November, 2009



SLI’PSHOD. adj.

SLI'PSHOD. adj.

SLI’PSHOD. adj. [slip and shod.] Having the shoes not pulled
up at the heels, but barely slipped on.
The slipshod ‘prentice from his master’s door
Had par’d the dirt, and sprinkled round the floor. Swift.

SK’IPJACK. n.s.

SK'IPJACK. n.s.

SK’IPJACK. n.s. [skip and jack.] An upstart.
The want of shame or brains does not presently entitle
every little skipjack to the board’s end in the cabinet. L’Estr.

SI’LENCE. interj.

SI'LENCE. inerj.

SI’LENCE. interj. An authoritative restraint of speech.
Sir, have pity; I’ll be his surety.—
Silence: one word more
Shall make me chide thee, if not hate thee. Shakespeare.

To SCU’DDLE. v.n.

To SCU'DDLE. v.n.

To SCU’DDLE. v.n. [from scud.] To run with a kind of af-
fected haste or precipitation. A low word.

SCHO’LIAST. n.s.

SCHO'LIAST. n.s.

SCHO’LIAST. n.s. [scholiaste, French; scholiastes, Latin.] A
writer of explanatory notes.
The title of this satyr, in some ancient manuscripts, was
the reproach of idleness; though in others of the scholiasts ‘tis
inscribed against the luxury of the rich. Dryden.
What Gellius or Stohaeus cook’d before,
Or chew’d by blind o’d scholiasts o’er and o’er. Dunciad.

To SA’VAGE. v.a.

To SA'VAGE. v.a.

To SA’VAGE. v.n.  [from the noun.] To make barbarous,
wild, or cruel. A word not well authorised.
Friends, relations, love himself,
Savag’d by woe, forget the tender tie.  Thomson.

RU’STICK. n.s.

RU'STICK. n.s.

RU’STICK. n.s. A clown; a swain; an inhabitant of the country.
As nothing is so rude and insolent as a wealthy rustick, all
this is his kindness is overlooked, and his person most unworn-
thily railed at. South.

RU’NAGATE. n.s.

RU'NAGATE. n.s.

RU’NAGATE. n.s. [corrupted from renegat, Fr.] A fugitive;
rebel; apostate.
The wretch compel’d, a runagate became,
And learn’d what ill a miser state doth breed. Sidney.
God bringeth the prisoners out of captivity; but letteth
the runagates continue in scarceness. Psalm lxviii. 6.
I dedicate myself to your sweet pleasure,
More noble than that runagate to your bed. Shakesp.
As Cain, after he had slain Abel, had no certain abiding;
so the Jews, after they had crucified the son of God, be-
came runagates. Raleigh’s History of the World.

To rule the ROAST.

To rule the ROAST.

To rule the ROAST. To govern; to manage; to preside. It
was perhaps originally roist, which signified a tumult, to
direct the populace.
The new-made duke, that rules the roast.  Shakesp.
Where champions ruleth the rost,
There dailie disorder is most. Tusser’s Husbandry.
Alma slap-dash, is all again
In ev’ry sinew, nerve, and vein;
Runs here and there, like Hamlet’s ghost,
While every where she rules the roast. Prior.

To ROUT. v.n.

To ROUT. v.n.

To ROUT. v.n. To assemble in clamorous and tumultuous
crouds.
The meaner sort routed together, and suddenly assailing the
early in his house, slew him. Bacon’s Henry VII.