Archive for September, 2009



PI’CKLEHERRING. n.s. [pickle and herring.] A jack-pudding;
a merry andrew; a zany; a buffoon.
Another branch of pretenders to this art, without horse or
pickleherring, lie snug in a garret.  Spectator, No 572.
The pickleherring found the way to shake him, for upon
his whistling a country jig, this unlucky wag danced to it
with such a variety of grimaces, that the countryman could
not forbear smiling, and lost the prize. Addis. Spect.

To PI’CKEER. v.a.

To PI'CKEER. v.a.

To PI’CKEER. v.a. [piccare, Italian.]
I. To pirate; to pillage; to rob.
2. To make a flying skirmish. Ainsworth.
No sooner could a hint appear,
But up he started to pickeer,
And made the stoutest yield to mercy,
When he engag’d in controversy. Hudibras.



PICKAPACK. adv. [from pack, by a reduplication very common
in our language.] In manner of a pack.
In a hurry she whips up her darling under her arms, and
carries the other a pickapack upon her shoulders. L’Estr.



PHLOGI’STON. n.s. [φλογιςος, from φλιγω.]
I. A chemical liquor extremely inflammable.
2. The inflammable part of any body.

To PHY’SICK. v.a.

To PHY'SICK. v.a.

To PHY’SICK. v.a. [from the noun.] To purge; to treat
with physick; to cure.
The labour we delight in, physicks pain. Shakesp.
It is a gallant child; one that indeed physicks the subject,
makes old hearts fresh. Shakesp. Winter’s Tale.
Give him allowance as the worthier man;
For that will physick the great myrmidon
Who broils in loud applause. Shakesp.
In virtue and in health we love to be instructed, as well
as physicked with pleasure. L’Estrange.



PHILI’PPICK. adj. [from the invectives of Demosthenes against
Philip of Macedon.] Any invective declamation.

PHIZ. n.s.

PHIZ. n.s.

PHIZ. n.s. [This word is formed by a ridiculous contraction
from physiognomy, and should therefore, if it be written at all,
be written phyz.] The face, in a sense of contempt.
His air was too proud, and his features amiss,
As if being a traitor had alter’d his phiz. Stepney.

PHI’LTER. n.s.

PHI'LTER. n.s.

PHI’LTER. n.s. [φιλτρον; philtre, Fr.] Something to cause love.
The melting kiss that sips
The jellied philtre of her lips. Cleaveland.
This cup a cure for both our ills has brought,
You need not fear a philter in the draught. Dryden.
A philter that has neither drug nor enchantment in it, love
if you would raise love. Addison’s Freeholder, No. 38.



PE’TULANCE. PE’TULANCY. n.s. [petulance, Fr. petulantia, Lat.] Sauci-
ness; peevishness; wantonness.
It was excellently said of that philosopher, that there was
a wall or parapet of teeth set in our mouth, to restrain the
petulancy of our words.  Ben. Johnson.
Such was others petulancy, that they joyed to see their bet-
ters shamefully outraged and abused.  King Charles.
Wise men knew that which looked like pride in some, and
like petulance in others, would, by experience in affairs and
conversation amongst men, be in time wrought off. Clarendon.
However their numbers, as well as their insolence and per-
verseness increased, many instances of petulancy and scurrility
are to be seen in their pamphlets. Swift.
There appears in our age a pride and petulancy in youth,
zealous to cast off the sentiments of their fathers and
teachers. Watts’s Logick.



PETTI’FOGGER. n.s. [corrupted from pettivoguer; petit and
voguer, Fr.] A petty small-rate lawyer.
The worst conditioned and least cliented petivoguers get,
under the sweet bait of revenge, more plentiful prosecution of
actions. Carew’s Survey of Cornwall.
Your pettifoggers damn their souls
To share with knaves in cheating fools.  Hudibras.
Consider, my dear, how indecent it is to abandon your
shop and follow pettifoggers; there is hardly a plea between
two country esquires about a barren acre, but you draw your-
self in as bail, surety or solicitor.  Arbuthnot’s Hist. of J. Bull.
Physicians are apt to despise empiricks, lawyers, petti
foggers, merchants and pedlars. Swift.