Archive for February, 2009



To DA’STARDISE. v.a. [from dastard.] To intimidate; to
deject with cowardice; to dispirit; to depress; to terrify; to
make an habitual coward.
He had such things to urge against our marriage,
As, now declar’d, would blunt my sword in battle,
And dastardise my courage. Dryden’s Don Sebastian.



DA’RKLING. [a participle, as it seems, from darkle, which
yet I have never found.] Being in the dark; being without
light: a word merely poetical.
O, wilt thou darkling leave me? do not so. Shakespeare.
Darkling stands
The varying shore o’ th’ world. Shakesp. Ant. and Cleopatra.
The wakeful bird
Sings darkling, and, in shadiest covert hid,
Tunes her nocturnal note. Milton’s Paradise Lost, b. iii.
Darkling they mourn their fate, whom Circe’s pow’r,
With words and wicked herbs, from human kind
Had alter’d, and in brutal shapes confin’d. Dryden’s Æn.

DA’NGLER. n.s.


DA’NGLER. n.s. [from dangle.] A man that hangs about wo-
men only to waste time.
A dangler is of neither sex. Ralph’s Miscel.

DA’MPY. adj.


DA’MPY. adj. [from damp;] Dejected; gloomy; sorrowful.
The lords did dispel dampy thoughts, which the remem-
brance of his uncle might raise, by applying him with exer-
cises and disports. Hayward.

To DAFT. v.a.


To DAFT. v.a. [contracted from do aft; that is, to throw back, to throw
off.] To toss aside; to put away with con-
tempt; to throw away slightly.
Where is his son,
The nimble-footed mad-cap prince of Wales,
And his comrades, that daft the world aside,
And bid it pass? Shakespeare’s Henry IV. p. i.
I would she had bestow’d this dotage on me: I would have
dafft all other respects, and made her half myself. Shakesp.



To COUNTERPLO’T. v.a. [counter and plot.] To oppose
one machination by another; to obviate art by art.



costermonger n.s.| coster & monger
Many poor country vicars for
want of [^ot]her means, turn mounte-
banks, & our greedy patrons will
make us turn taskers, malsters
costermongers & grasiers
Burton Mel



COMMA’NDRESS. n.s. [from commander] A woman vested
with supreme authority.
To prescribe the order of doing in all things is a peculiar
prerogative, which wisdom hath, as queen or sovereign com-
mandress, over all other virtues. Hooker, b v., sect. 8.
Be you commandress therefore, princess, queen
Of all our forces, be thy word a law. Fairfax. b. ii.



Thou shalt not peep thro’ lattices
of eyes,
Nor hear through labyrinths of ears,
Nor learn
By circuit or collections to
discern Donne

To COAX. v.a.


To COAX. v.a. To wheedle; to flatter; to humour. A
low word.
The nurse had changed her note; for she was then muz-
zling and coaxing the child; that’s a good dear, says she.
I coax! I wheedle! I’m above it. Farquhar’s Recr. Officer.