Archive for January, 2009

To be in with


To be in with
To side wth, to espouse
any cause
Those who pretended
to be in with ye principles
upon wch her Majesty
proceeded, either absent
ymselves where ye whole
cause depended, or side
directly wth ye enemy. Swift

To BEHO’WL. v.a.


To BEHO’WL. v.a. [from be and howl.]
1. To howl at.
Now the hungry lion roars,
And the wolf behowls the moon. Shakesp. Midsum. N. Dr.
2. Perhaps, to howl over, or lament clamorously.



4 wth of before ye the thing beguiled
of othr mens insatble desire of re-
venge, wholly beguiled church & state
of ye benefit of all my retractions &
concessions K. Charles



BEETLEHE’ADED. adj. [from beetle and head.] Loggerheaded;
wooden headed; having a head stupid, like the head of a wooden
A whoreson, beetleheaded, flap-ear’d knave.
Shakesp Taming of the Shrew.

BA’NDOG. n.s.


BAN’DOG. n.s. [from ban or band, and dog. The original of this
word is very doubtful. Caius, de canibus Britannicis, derives it
from band, that is, a dog chained up. Skinner inclines to deduce
it from bana, a murderer. May it not come from ban a curse,
as we say a curst cur; or rather from baund, swelled or large, a
Danish word; from whence, in some counties, they call a great
nut a ban-nut.] A kind of large dog.
The time of night when Troy was set on fire,
The time when screech-owls cry, and bandogs howl.
Shakesp. Henry VI. p. ii.
Or privy, or pert, if any bin,
We have great bandogs will tear their skin. Spens. Pastorals.
[Bandog may be a dog of bad omen
the scriech owl, wch is reckon’d so, being added.
For In Scotland thee ^common people observe
that before a person’s death
happens, some dog, & genlly
it is a strange dog, comes ^at the dead of night &
howles three or four times
at ye door ^ and yn goes off […].

BA’FFLE. n.s.


BA’FFLE. n.s. [from the verb.] A defeat.
It is the skill of the disputant that keeps off a baffle. South.
The authors having missed of their aims, are fain to retreat
with frustration and a baffle. South.



BA’CKFRIEND. n.s. [from back and friend.] A friend back-
wards; that is, an enemy in secret.
Set the restless importunities of talebearers and backfriends
against fair words and professions. L’Estrange.
Far is our church from encroaching upon the civil power;
as some who are backfriends to both, would maliciously insinu-
ate. South.

AYE. adv.


AYE. adv. [aya, Saxon.] Always; to eternity; for ever.
And now in darksome dungeon, wretched thrall,
Remedyless for aye he doth him hold. Fairy Queen, b. i.
Either prepare to die,
Or on Diana’s altar to protest,
For aye, austerity and single life.
Shakespeare’s Midsummer Night’s Dream.
The soul, though made in time, survives for aye;
And, though it hath beginning, sees no end.
Sir John Davies.
And hears the muses, in a ring,
Aye round about Jove’s altar sing. Milton’s Il Penseroso.
Th’astonish’d mariners aye ply the pump;
No stay, nor rest, till the wide breach is clos’d. Philips.



To A’USTRALIZE. v.n. [from auster, the south wind, Lat.] To
tend towards the south.
Steel and good iron discover a verticity, or polary faculty;
whereby they do septentriate at one extreme, and australize at
another. Brown’s Vulgar Errours, b. ii. c. 2.

To ASSA’Y. v.a.


To ASSA’Y. v.a. [essayer, Fr.]
1. To make trial of; to make experiment of.
Gray and Bryan obtained leave of the general a little to as
say them; and so with some horsemen charged them home.
Sir J. Hayward.
What unweighed behaviour hath this drunkard picked out of
my conversation, that he dares in this manner assay me?
Shakesp. Merry Wives of Windsor.
2. To apply to, as the touchstone in assaying metals.
Whom thus afflicted, when sad Eve beheld,
Desolate where she sat, approaching nigh,
Soft words to his fierce passion she assay’d. Par. Lost, b. X.
3. To try; to endeavour.
David girded his sword upon his armour, and he assayed to
go, for he had not proved it. I Sam. xvii. 39.
[He rigg’d ye gallies up & furnish’d ym for all assayes. Knolles.]